A lichen is a symbiotic organism comprised of an alga and a fungus. PNAS1 reported a study that showed that “antioxidant and photoprotective mechanisms in the lichen Cladonia vulcani are more effective by orders of magnitude than those of its isolated partners” (emphasis added in all quotes). Kranner et al. found:Without the fungal contact, the alga tolerates only very dim light and its photoprotective system is only partially effective; without the alga, the glutathione-based antioxidant system of the fungus is slow and ineffective. In the lichen, this mutually enhanced resistance to oxidative stress and, in particular, its desiccation tolerance are essential for life above ground. This lifestyle, in turn, increases the chance of dispersal of reproductive propagules and ensures their joint evolutionary success.1Kranner et al., “Antioxidants and photoprotection in a lichen as compared with its isolated symbiotic partners,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0407716102, published online before print February 14, 2005.Take out the word “evolutionary,” because the findings only show reproductive success. Survivability does not necessarily imply advancement in complexity; it could just as well reflect good design. Lichens are often the pioneer organisms in a new habitat. They contribute to the breakdown of rock and formation of soil. Mosses, ferns and other organisms follow sometimes, and before long, a whole community of plants and animals can come to town. In the fjords of New Zealand, for example, this happens on sheer cliff faces of rock. After some years or decades of initial colonization by lichens, large trees can take root in the near-vertical cliffs. Lichens show tremendous variety in form and structure. Some are beautifully colored. The Dec. 2004 Creation Research Society Quarterly has a photo essay about lichens and their microscopic structure. The internet has some nice photo galleries like this one at lichen.com.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Former Bihar social welfare minister Manju Verma who was absconding in an Arms Act case linked with Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case, for over a month surrendered in a local court in Begusarai on Tuesday.Ms. Manju Verma surrendered in Majhaul local court of Begusarai district. She came in a car to the local court on Tuesday morning and quietly surrendered in the court even when the Begusarai police had launched manhunt and conducting raid at several places to arrest her for long.Recently, following a stern observation by the Supreme Court which is monitoring the Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case, the Begusarai police had attached property of Ms Manju Verma recently. She was earlier suspended from the primary membership of the ruling party JD(U).While expressing “shock” over delay in arrest of Ms. Manju Verma, Supreme Court had summoned the Bihar chief secretary and Director General of Police to appear in court on November 27 in person.The former Bihar Minister had to step down in August after media reported that her husband Chandrashekhar Verma had made several phone calls to the main accused of Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case, Brajesh Thakur. Mr. Thakur is currently lodged in Patiala court jail in Punjab.Mr. Chandrashekhar Verma too had surrendered in the same Majhaul court of Begusarai and was sent to jail recently.In a police raid in connection with the Muzaffarpur shelter home as many as 50 illegal live cartridges were recovered from the residence of the Vermas. Madhu Verma too surrendersMeanwhile, another absconding accused in the Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case, Madhu Verma too has surrendered in a local court in Muzaffarpur.She was said to be wearing burqa to cover her face while entering into the court to surrender. Ms. Madhu Verma was absconding since the Muzaffarpur shelter home rape case was exposed in a social audit report prepared by the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS).The report had revealed that as many as 34 minor girls were sexually exploited at the State-run shelter home in Muzaffarpur managed by an NGO owned by Brajesh Thakur.Recently, the Muzaffarpur municipal corporation had taken steps to demolish the illegal parts of the shelter home.
GAB chair Abraham Kahlil Mitra welcomed the WBO’s decision to carry out a review, saying that even if that won’t change the outcome of the contentious bout, it will send a strong signal that any sign of leniency, abuse of authority or wrongdoing would not be tolerated.Valcarcel said five anonymous judges will review the bout, assigning their own scores to rounds.“Then, we will tabulate the results to ascertain clearly which rounds each fighter won using an average scale based on 60, 80 and 100 percent,” Valcarcel added. “This means that three of the five officials have to agree to determine which fighter won the round.”Valcarcel supported the judges, who have each scored hundreds of fights: “The officials who participated in this fight are all professional, distinguished, honest and honorable human beings.”A similar case happened when Pacquiao lost to Timothy Bradley by split decision on June 9, 2012 in their first showdown at MGM Grand Garden Arena.ADVERTISEMENT Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ LATEST STORIES Meralco, JPV battle for top spot Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next LOOK: Jane De Leon meets fellow ‘Darna’ Marian Rivera Nikki Valdez rushes self to ER due to respiratory tract infection View comments Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend China furious as Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong That time, judge Jerry Roth sided with Pacquiao, 115-113, but was overturned by judges CJ Roth and Duane Ford who both scored the bout 115-113 in Bradley’s favor.Due to howls of protest all over the world, a panel of competent judges was formed to review the tape of the fight.Eventually, all five men chose Pacquiao the winner and it was not even close, 117-111 twice, 118-110, 116-112 and 115-113. The panel’s decision was duly noted, but Bradley’s victory was never reversed. —WITH REPORTS FROM AP MOST READ Jeff Horn, left, of Australia and Manny Pacquiao of the Philippines fight during their WBO World welterweight title bout in Brisbane, Australia, Sunday, July 2, 2017. Pacquiao lost his WBO welterweight world title to Horn in a stunning, unanimous points decision in the Sunday afternoon bout billed as the Battle of Brisbane in front of more than 50,000 people. (AP Photo/Tertius Pickard)He was at ringside when Jeff Horn was rewarded with a unanimous decision win over Manny Pacquiao. He was present at the post-fight conference which Team Pacquiao chose to skip.World Boxing Organization president Paco Valcarcel must have seen and felt that there were merits on the call for review of the scorecards by the Games and Amusements Board (GAB), which was endorsed by Pacquiao, that he acceded.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Pagasa: Kammuri now a typhoon, may enter PAR by weekend Manny Pacquaio attends church ahead of fight against Jeff Horn PLAY LIST 01:39Manny Pacquaio attends church ahead of fight against Jeff Horn01:17Pacquiao on Horn: ‘I never underestimate my opponent’01:06Palace: Up to MTRCB to ban animated movie Magellan in PH02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Valcarcel ordered the formation of a five-man independent panel that will re-score the tape of “Battle of Brisbane” to find out whether Horn really did enough to snatch Pacquiao’s welterweight title last Sunday.Judges Chris Flores and Ramon Cerdan both scored the bloody 12-round, 115-113, while judge Waleska Roldan saw it 117-112.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsBut even if the panel scores the bout in favor of Pacquiao, the result can no longer be changed, according to the WBO.“The purpose of this review is to be able to give the fans certainty of who was the winner of the bout, even though we do not have the power to reverse the decision of the judges,” said Valcarcel. Another vape smoker nabbed in Lucena
Mumbai Indians captain Rohit Sharma has not at all looked pleased with his side’s batting failure for the second time in three matches after the defending champions went down to Gujarat Lions in a nail-biting finish on Saturday.”I think we didn’t put enough runs on the board. I don’t think we can afford to do that. 144 was always going to be a difficult target to defend. We need to bat well.”It has been twice that we have let ourselves down this year. We need to put runs on the board to defend. It starts from the top. If we lose 3-4 wickets up front, it becomes difficult,” Rohit said in the post-match presentation ceremony.Rohit, though, was happy with bowlers for taking the match down to the wire in their three-wicket defeat.”Our bowlers did well. Mitchell McClenaghan bowled great. We though, have to accept (this defeat) and move forward. We just didn’t bat well and didn’t put enough runs on the board. The dew came much later and it stopped swinging. If we had got 160 runs, we could have been in the game,” Rohit added.Finch injury not seriousMan of the Match Aaron Finch slammed his third consecutive half-century as he batted till the end scoring the winning runs. Finch looked in some pain towards the end of the match but ensured he stayed at the crease as Lions tasted their third consecutive victory.”Finch was calm today. (Dhawal) Kulkarni batted and bowled well too. Finch looks good. It must be a cramp. We still have another 4-5 days now. He will definitely recover,” Lions skipper Suresh Raina said.advertisementRaina praised his side’s bowlers for restricting Mumbai to 143 but said it was not an easy pitch to bat on.”When you have Bravo, Tambe, Praveen, Jakati and Co. you always believe. I thought initially they would get about 130, but they batted well.”It’s always difficult to chase down the target in a low-scoring game. The ball was doing a bit. Mumbai, though, fought well.Finch, who hit 67 not out off 54 balls laced with seven fours and a huge six, was happy to finish the job for his team.”It was nice to get us over the finish line. It was nice to take it over till the end and finish the job. Well, Dhawal Kulkarni smashing one over mid-off was great and it took the pressure off. It was a fantastic win and nice to get three wins in-a-row,” Finch said.Terming his injury as a minor one, Finch said he is hoping to get back in shape soon. “I started to cramp right at the end. I just think it is a cramp,” he said.
Recommended for you Related Items:Blue Haven, expedia, orbitz, travelers, travelocity, turks and caicos conference Bahamas Family Island bookings up says Expedia Magnetic Media recommended Valentine’s Day Events Everyman 20 Reunion Concert a two day event in Provo Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 15 Apr 2015 – Scores of travel wholesalers, airlines and online travel agents are in The Turks and Caicos for the annual TACC; a conference where travel professionals from the US and Canada get to see for themselves: Destination TCI. Last night the delegation was welcomed, tonight a dinner party will be hosted at Blue Haven Resort and today, well lots of wheeling and dealing and sight-seeing. It is expected Tourism officials will make presentations at the event, which is being held at the Regent Palms Resort. TCI usually welcomes global travel booking agents like Orbitz, Expedia and Travelocity for TACC; the acronym stands for Turks and Caicos Conference.
The new — and currently hard to get — Echo Dot. Ry Crist/CNET Good luck trying to get the new Echo Dot with two-day shipping.Amazon’s most popular smart speaker is out of stock until early March, according to the company’s website. Target is also out of stock on its site and Best Buy’s stock was limited to two of the three available colors.”Customer response to the all-new Echo Dot has been incredibly positive,” an Amazon spokesperson said in a statement Tuesday. “We’re working hard to get it back in stock.”The Echo Dot, which costs $50 and first became available in October, was out of stock at times during the holidays, when customer interest for new gadgets was at its highest all year. The Dot, which competes directly against the Google Home Mini speaker, became the best-selling item on Amazon worldwide during the holidays.It’s less typical for an Echo device to run out during a quieter part of the shopping year. The company had promoted the Alexa-powered gadget during a Super Bowl ad on Sunday, which may have sparked interest.Amazon said customers can check the Echo Dot page online for inventory updates. The company will continue accepting new orders, but Amazon won’t replenish its virtual shelves until March 5 for its charcoal Dot and March 11 for heather gray and sandstone, its website stated Tuesday.Availability for some colors of the Echo Spot, Echo and Echo Plus are delayed until Feb. 10; other colors for those models are in stock. See it Amazon Echo Dot $29 Preview • Amazon’s third Echo Dot takes a few cues from the Google Home Mini Adorama See It Smart Home Smart Speakers & Displays Review • Amazon Echo Dot 3 review: Alexa’s best Dot yet plays defense 2 $49 News • Amazon Echo Dot deal: 3 for $70 See It $29 CNET may get a commission from retail offers. See It Best Buy Crutchfield $49 Mentioned Above Amazon Echo Dot (third-generation, Charcoal) Alexa Amazon Best Buy Google Tags Share your voice Comments
Mani Ratnam and Aishwarya Rai Bachchan during the promotional event of Raavanan.PR HandoutAishwarya Rai Bachchan has confirmed again that she is part of Mani Ratnam’s upcoming movie, which is based on Tamil historical novel Ponniyin Selvan. This is her fourth movie with the ace filmmaker after Iruvar, Guru and Raavanan (Raavan in Hindi).The Bachchan ‘bahu’ was in Chennai recently to inaugurate Longines’ new boutique when she confirmed the news about teaming up with Mani Ratnam stating that it is an “honour” to work with him, but she refused to divulge details about the mega-budget project. “I don’t think it will be fair to override Mani sir and speak about the project,” said Aishwarya.Aishwarya Rai was introduced to films by Mani Ratnam with Iruvar for which she keeps him in high regards. “He’s my Guru. I started my first film ever (Iruvar) with him, and even though there’s such warmth and familiarity in our professional relationship today, it’s his wish to share details with the world whenever he chooses to,” she added while indicating that the project should be formally announced by the filmmaker himself.Aishwarya Rai’s characters in Mani Ratnam’s films have always remained major attraction irrespective of the films’ fate at the box office.Coming back to Ponniyin Selvan, it is a dream project of Mani Ratnam which is expected to take off in September. Not just Aishwarya alone, her father and Bollywood legend Amitabh Bachchan is rumoured to be part of the project.As per the reports, Amitabh Bachchan as Sundara Chozhar, Sathyaraj as Periya Pazhuvettaraiyar, Aishwarya Rai Bachchan as Nandhini, Jayam Ravi as Arulmozhi Varman, Keerthy Suresh as Kunthavai Naachiyaar, and Karthi as Vanthiya Devan will be seen in Mani Ratnam’s creation. Naachiyaar, and Karthi as Vanthiya Devan will be seen in Mani Ratnam’s creation.So far, Vikram has confirmed about working with Mani Ratnam in the film. “When Mani Ratnam narrated me the script and told me about the outline of the character and I was like ‘Wow’. It is very intense, fierce, aggressive kind of role for which I have to build a little more body and looks have to be changed. It is more like a beast kind of role and I have been looking for something like this. You can’t call him a villain, but is nothing less than being a villain. I have been wanting to do something like this and finally, the chance has come,” he told in an interview with The International Business Times.