Bravura Holdings Limited (CMBI.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Financial sector has released it’s 2020 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about Bravura Holdings Limited (CMBI.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Bravura Holdings Limited (CMBI.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Bravura Holdings Limited (CMBI.mu) 2020 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileBravura Holdings Limited (formerly CMB International) is an investment holding bank situated in Ebene, Mauritius, and invests in Sub-Saharan African markets, with particular attention on Mozambique and Zambia. Whilst the company is a subsidiary of Capital Markets Brokers, the latter is a leading shareholder of the Stock Exchange of Mauritius since its establishment in 1989. The company disseminates its services through its subsidiaries offering financial services, financial advisory, investment banking for businesses and for entities that have focused their investments in financial instruments, including derivatives and equity. Bravura Holdings Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.
Reply Receiving proposals from private companiesFrom the City of ApopkaThe City of Apopka is proceeding today with emergency procurement efforts in accordance with the Federal Emergency Management Agency rules to speed up the removal of storm debris following Hurricane Irma.Several private companies offered proposals to assist the city in collecting an estimated 250,000 cubic yards of damaged trees, limbs and other debris piled up along local streets. An agreement is being sought as soon as possible to begin that additional assistance in the most timely manner possible.Meanwhile, city crews have collected tons of storm debris from homes and businesses since Hurricane Irma passed through this part of Florida on Sept. 11. The city also cleared trees and debris blocking more than 300 streets.The city’s primary goals are to clean up debris as quickly as possible, to negotiate the lowest cost for private services and to meet all requirements for federal reimbursement of city funds.Apopka is one of many government agencies across the state seeking companies to assist with debris removal – a huge demand created by widespread impacts of Hurricane Irma. The city had previously contracted with a debris removal company shared by Orange County, but the company reported on Wednesday that it would not be able to perform its services. City officials immediately initiated the process of seeking a new vendor.Residents also may drop off storm debris at one of 11 Orange County sites including the Zellwood Maintenance Unit at 3500 Golden Gem Road.An expected schedule for debris collection will be released once an agreement is reached.Note – The featured photo is from the City’s Facebook page. We have been working ever since early this morning removing the debris from our street frontage, and we had the first one loaded in the pickup bed last night and ready to go. We have taken 5 pickup truck loads. Loading and unloading, and we are pooped out. More people there today getting rid of their debris. We don’t mind, if it helps out, and it makes me feel better not to see the reminder of the hurricane piled up. The Anatomy of Fear Mama Mia Please enter your name here September 22, 2017 at 10:22 pm Mama Mia Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter September 22, 2017 at 4:32 pm You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Mama Mia Do you think Publix will still want to build at Plymouth Sorrento Road and Kelly Park Road corner since they now know about the nearby sinkhole activity….will it affect Kelly Park Crossings and their plans to build a major development??? On one of the trips to unload the debris, we came by Poncan Road and Plymouth Sorrento Road intersection, and when we dumped, and came back along, there was a really bad auto wreck there, at that intersection. A small compact white car that looked totaled in the front and a full size older pickup truck. That was at 3:08 pm, so it just happened, ambulance had not yet got there. I saw two men standing along the road, and I guess it was those two, that was involved in the wreck, but don’t know. Please enter your comment! September 22, 2017 at 4:34 pm TAGSCity of ApopkaDebris removal Previous articleApopka Chamber: “Support local businesses”Next articleOrange County spraying 85,000 acres for mosquitoes Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR I got to go get some beauty sleep and rest, I am tired. Sorry I put you all though more of my useless dribble. Remember, it is therapy on a budget. September 22, 2017 at 4:39 pm Reply Mama Mia Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate Reply Mama Mia September 22, 2017 at 4:29 pm I like pumpkin bread which really is not bread at all, but more like pumpkin pound cake. It is made like banana bread but uses pumpkin instead. The Globe magazine headline at the top stated that Nostradamus predicted the hurricanes, and the North Korean missile crisis. I wanted to read it, but I am too cheap to pay the $ 4.99, and I didn’t get enough time in the grocery line to read it….LOL Reply Reply September 22, 2017 at 5:08 pm Reply September 22, 2017 at 4:30 pm Reply September 22, 2017 at 10:18 pm Mama Mia Mama Mia September 22, 2017 at 5:06 pm Reply Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 Reply 12 COMMENTS September 22, 2017 at 4:25 pm Mama Mia A load of pumpkins on a big truck was in a wreck in Polk County and it wrecked and burnt the load of pumpkins up. Sure is some strange happenings going on. Mama Mia Pumpkin cupcakes with cream cheese icing….yum yum…..and I am not suppose to eat that stuff. My doctor told me to think of sweets as poison and picture a cross bones and skull in my mind…..it is not working! Reply Mama Mia Mama Mia Oh and Kim Jong Un…………… I had one of my relatives call me to ask if we were okay because he had heard on tv about the sinkholes in Apopka and he is in another state. Wow, is Apopka famous, or what? In another state, and it was big news! I wasn’t trying to be funny when I told him, well around here you never know, it could be goodbye tomorrow, you never know, with the hurricanes, tornadoes, and sinkholes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Heard about the latest “depression” on the 429 that opened up. I wonder is that another sinkhole or did they not pack the roadway enough when building the road??? LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply September 22, 2017 at 10:14 pm Reply If you do go to 3500 Golden Gem Road off of Poncan Road, which is next to the Zellwood Corn Festival grounds, and next to the dump, be very careful there at Poncan and Plymouth Sorrento Road intersection as that is such a dangerous intersection, especially with all those dump trucks in and out next to the debris dumping area. September 22, 2017 at 4:20 pm Reply Mama Mia
ArchDaily Projects Photographs: Benjamin Heller Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Architects: Benjamin Heller Area Area of this architecture project Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/908835/black-house-benjamin-heller-plus-freier-architekt Clipboard Area: 325 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Germany 2017 Black House / Benjamin HellerSave this projectSaveBlack House / Benjamin Heller “COPY” Year: CopyHouses•Öhningen, Germany Products used in this ProjectPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesBruagBack Ventilated Facades – Formboard top pinePanels / Prefabricated AssembliesBruagBack-Ventilated Facades – CELLONWoodBruagPerforated Facade Cladding CELLONOther Participants:Michael Djebbar LichtplanungArchitect In Charge:Benjamin HellerCity:ÖhningenCountry:GermanyMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Benjamin HellerText description provided by the architects. Since 2017, the “Black House” stands in the idyllic health resort Öhningen nearby Lake Constance, Germany. In a conspicuous way, it marks the edge of the small village, which is also part of the national boarder to neighboring Switzerland. The character of the building emulates a boundary stone cut by hands: various angles, clear, polygonal shapes and a dark, suspended façade, which surrounds both like a skin, the building and the roof. Thereby, a remarkable light and color change is generated on the surface of the house.Save this picture!Ground Floor PlanUpon request of the owner, the residential building combines different areas on two levels: public, semi-public and private spaces. Divergent room heights and sizes transmit intuitively the character of utilization of both, the shared areas and the places of retreat.Save this picture!© Benjamin HellerThe “Black House“ is explicitly oriented towards the landscape and the water. The spacious areas and rooms inside the building are extended in southern direction. The clear and restrained interior design directs one´s eye instinctively to the outstanding panoramic view with the beautiful landscape. The light, polished screed and the parquet flooring of dark oak result in a harmonic but also contrasting interaction.Save this picture!© Benjamin HellerThe love for nature is also reflected in selecting the technical equipment and building materials for the solid wood house. As an example, a heat pump in conjunction with a ground collector heats the building in a sustainable way.Save this picture!© Benjamin HellerProject gallerySee allShow lessCottage in Las Herencias / OOIIO ArquitecturaSelected ProjectsSacher Park Cafe / Yaniv Pardo ArchitectsSelected Projects Share Manufacturers: Bruag, Focus, Schüco, Adler Parkett, Beglau, Creafloor, Wood Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_description ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/908835/black-house-benjamin-heller-plus-freier-architekt Clipboard Black House / Benjamin Heller Houses Save this picture!© Benjamin Heller+ 25Curated by Martita Vial Share CopyAbout this officeBenjamin HellerOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesÖhningenGermanyPublished on January 04, 2019Cite: “Black House / Benjamin Heller” 04 Jan 2019. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 12 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Fundraising with eBay published today Howard Lake | 24 September 2005 | News The first book to address how to raise funds online using eBay is published today. Greg Holden and Jill M Finlayson have written a guide to raising “big money on the world’s greatest online marketplace.”The authors share details of how mainly US nonprofits have used eBay to raise funds, convert in-kind gifts to cash, and increase awareness for their cause.Amazon.co.uk is currently selling the title for £16.99. Advertisement Tagged with: Digital
Chief Financial Officers Have Exponentially Larger Roles to Play in Digital Strategy and Execution, Accenture Report Finds Local NewsBusiness Pinterest TAGS WhatsApp By Digital AIM Web Support – February 9, 2021 Pinterest Twitter Previous articleUne Ferrari 750 Monza de 1954 remporte l’édition 2020 du prix Peninsula Classics Best of the BestNext articleVatican seeks elder care rethink after COVID-19 ‘massacre’ Digital AIM Web Support Facebook Facebook Breakthrough speed for breakout value WhatsApp Twitter
News 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Google+ Gardai are currently investigating an incident at Burnfoot where the body of a man has been discovered.The man, believed to be aged in his forties and from the local area, hadn’t been seen in recent days.The body was found at Carnashannagh, Burnfoot, and it has been removed to Letterkenny General Hospital were the State pathologist is due to carry out a post mortem.Gardai are not ruling out foul play at this stage. Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Body of man discovered in Burnfoot Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Twitter Twitter Facebook WhatsApp By News Highland – March 21, 2014 WhatsApp 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Facebook Pinterest Previous articlePublic meeting on Sunday to discuss nursing services for diabetic childrenNext articleVeteran Fianna Fail Cllr Victor Fisher quits party News Highland Pinterest Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire
News UpdatesDelhi HC Allows Plea of Saudi Nationals Related To Tablighi Jamaat Event To Get Quarantined in Delhi’s Hyatt Hotel [Read Order] Karan Tripathi5 Jun 2020 9:01 AMShare This – xDelhi High Court has allowed three Saudi Nationals, related to the Tablighi Jamaat event who had moved a plea before the court, to get quarantined in the Hyatt Hotel of Delhi. The Division Bench of Justice Vipin Sanghi and Justice Vipin Sanghi has allowed the said plea provided all the expenses are borne by the applicants, or by the Saudi Embassy. In the present criminal…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginDelhi High Court has allowed three Saudi Nationals, related to the Tablighi Jamaat event who had moved a plea before the court, to get quarantined in the Hyatt Hotel of Delhi. The Division Bench of Justice Vipin Sanghi and Justice Vipin Sanghi has allowed the said plea provided all the expenses are borne by the applicants, or by the Saudi Embassy. In the present criminal writ petition, the said Saudi Nationals had submitted that so far they have beef staying in the quarantine facility provided by the government. However, they further submitted that they wish to get quarantined in the Hyatt Hotel of Delhi as the Embassy of Saudi Arabia has agreed to pay the costs of the said facility. Appearing for the Union of India, Mr Amit Mahajan submitted that the Union of India would have no objection, in case, the applicants are permitted to stay at Hyatt Hotel, R.K. Puram, New Delhi provided all the expenses are borne by the applicants, or by the Saudi Embassy. The court was also informed that FIR has already been registered against the said individuals under Epidemics Diseases Act, Disaster Management Act, and Section 188 of the Indian Penal Code.Click Here To Download Order[Read Order] Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Top Stories’To Change 50% Reservation Limit Is To Have A Society Which Is Not Founded On Equality But Based On Caste Rule’: SC Refuses To Revisit Indra Sawhney Judgment Ashok Kini5 May 2021 9:11 AMShare This – x”To change the 50% limit is to have a society which is not founded on equality but based on caste rule” , the Supreme Court observed in its judgment in Maratha Quota case while reiterating that reservation under Article 16(4) should not exceed 50% except when there are extraordinary circumstances.”The democracy is an essential feature of our Constitution and part of our basic structure. If the reservation goes above 50% limit which is a reasonable, it will be slippery slope, the political pressure, make it hardly to reduce the same.”, the Constitution Bench (Judgment authored by Justice Ashok Bhushan) observed while holding that it does not find any good ground to revisit Indra Sawhney or to refer the same to a larger Bench.Justice S. Ravindra Bhat, in his separate (but concurring on this point) judgment, observed that, to dilute the 50% benchmark further, would be to effectively destroy the guarantee of equality, especially the right not to be discriminated against on the grounds of caste. The court observed that the percentage of 50% has been arrived at on the principle of reasonability and achieves equality as enshrined by Article 14 of which Articles 15 and 16 are facets.Reasons for not revisiting Indra SawhneyOne of the issues considered by the Constitution bench was whether judgment in case of Indra Sawhney v. Union of India [1992 Suppl. (3) SCC 217] needs to be referred to larger bench or require re-look by the larger bench in the light of subsequent Constitutional Amendments, judgments and changed social dynamics of the society etc.?The contention raised seeking revisit of Indra Sawhney are as follows:There is no unanimity, in view of different reasoning adopted in six separate judgments delivered in the caseDifferent judges from 1963 till date have spoken in different voice with regard to reservation under 15(4) and 16(4) The Balaji has held that Article 15(4) is an exception to Article 15(1) which theory has not been accepted by this Court in N.M. Thomas as well as Indra Sawhney, the very basis of fixing the ceiling of 50 percent has gone. Shri Rohtagi submits that the Constitution of India is a living document. The ideas cannot remain frozen, even the thinking of framers of the Constitution cannot remain frozen for times immemorial.Neither Article 16(4) nor Article 15(4) contains any percentage. The Court cannot read a percentage i.e. 50 percent for effecting reservation under Article 15(4) and Article 16(4), providing a ceiling by number is cutting down the Constitutional provisions of Part-III and Part-IV.Judgment of Indra Sawhney is a judgment on Article 16(4) and not on Article 15(4), hence, the ratio of judgment cannot be applied with regard to Article 15(4).The judgment of Indra Sawhney does not consider the impact of Directive Principles of State Policy such as Article 39(b)(c) and Article 46, While interpreting Article 14, 16(1) and 16(4).11- Judge Bench judgment in T.M.A. Pai judgment indicates that the ceiling of 50 percent is no longer available to be relied on even for purposes of Article 15 and Article 16.Constitutional 77th and 81st Amendment Act inserting Article 16(4)(A) and Article 16(4)(B) have the effect of undoing in part the judgment of Indra Sawhney and thus mandating a re-look.103rd Constitutional Amendment by which 10 percent reservation have been provided for Economically Weaker Sections in addition to reservation given under Article 15(4) and 78 Article 16(4) is a clear pointer of overruling of 50 percent ceiling for reservation under 15(4) and 16(4).The extraordinary circumstances as indicated in paragraph 810 of Indra Sawhney’s case is not exhaustive, far flung and remote areas mentioned therein are only illustrative. There may be other exceptions where states are entitled to exceed the 50 percent ceiling limit.The judgment authored by Justice Ashok Bhushan examines in detail the above grounds raised. The following are some of the relevant observations made in the judgment in this regard. Re: UnanimityThe court held that the majority opinion in Indra Sawhney is that normally reservation should not exceed 50% and it is only in extra-ordinary circumstances it can exceed 50%. What can be the extra-ordinary circumstances have been indicated in paragraph 810.130. Alternatively if we again look to the opinion in all six judgments, we notice : (a) Justice B.P. Jeevan Reddy (for himself and three other Judges) held in paragraph 809 that the reservation contemplated in clause (4) of Article 16 should not exceed 50%. (b) Justice Thommen, Justice Kuldip Singh and Justice Sahai in their separate opinion held that reservation under Article 16(4) should not exceed 50%. 131. Thus greatest common measure of agreement in six separate judgments delivered in Indra Sawhney is that: (i) Reservation under Article 16(4) should not exceed 50%. (ii) For exceeding reservation beyond 50% extraordinary circumstance as indicated in paragraph 810 of the judgment of Justice Jeevan Reddy should exist, for which extreme caution is to be exercised. 132. The above is the ratio of Indra Sawhney judgment.Re: Different Opinions151.We do not find any substance in the second ground of Shri Rohtagi that this Court’s judgment of Indra Sawhney to be referred to a larger Bench. 152. The judgment of Indra Sawhney has been followed by this Court in a number of cases including at least in the following four Constitution Bench judgments: (1) Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh and others vs. Faculty Association and others; (2) M. Nagaraj and others vs. Union of India and others, 2006(8) SCC 212; (3) Krishna Murthy (Dr.) and others vs. Union of India and anoter 2010 (7) SCC 202 Which judgment though was considering reservation under Article 243D and 243T has applied 50% ceiling as laid down in Balaji. 133 (4) The Constitution Bench judgment of this Court in Chebrolu Leela Prasad Rao & Ors. vs. State of A.P. & Ors., 2020(7) Scale 162, reiterated the principle as referred and reiterated that outer limit is 50% as specified in Indra Sawhney’s case.Re: Ceiling of 50%162.The 50% rule spoken in Balaji and affirmed in Indra Sawhney is to fulfill the objective of equality as engrafted in Article 14 of which Articles 15 and 16 are facets. The Indra Sawhney itself gives answer of the question. In paragraph 807 of Indra Sawhney held that what is more reasonable than to say that reservation under clause (4) shall not exceed 50% of the appointment. 50% has been said to be reasonable and it is to attain the objective of equality.164.To change the 50% limit is to have a society which is not founded on equality but based on caste rule. The democracy is an essential feature of our Constitution and part of our basic structure. If the reservation goes above 50% limit which is a reasonable, it will be slippery slope, the political pressure, make it hardly to reduce the same. Thus, answer to the question posed is that the percentage of 50% has been arrived at on the principle of reasonability and achieves equality as enshrined by Article 14 of which Articles 15 and 16 are facets170.The constitutional measures of providing reservation, giving concessions and other benefits to backward classes including socially and educationally backward class are all affirmative measures. We have completed more than 73 years of independence, the Maharashtra is one of the developed States in the country which has highest share in the country’s GST i.e. 16%, higher share in Direct Taxes-38% and higher contribution to country’s GDP, 38.88%. The goal of the Constitution framers was to bring a caste-less society. The directive principles of the State Policy cast onerous obligation on the States to promote welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may social order in which social justice, economic and political shall inform all the institutions of the national life. Providing reservation for advancement of any socially and educationally backward class in public services is not the only means and method for improving the welfare of backward class. The State ought to bring other measures including providing educational 148 facilities to the members of backward class free of cost, giving concession in fee, providing opportunities for skill development to enable the candidates from the backward class to be selfreliant.172.We have no doubt that all Governments take measures to improve the welfare of weaker sections of the society but looking to the increased 150 requirement of providing education including higher education to more and more sections of society other means and measures have to be forged. In view of the privatisation and liberalisation of the economy public employment is not sufficient to cater the needs of all. More avenues for providing opportunities to members of the weaker sections of the society and backward class to develop skills for employment not necessary the public service. The objectives engrafted in our Constituted and ideals set by the Constitution for the society and the Governments are still not achieved and have to be pursued. There can be no quarrel that society changes, law changes, people changes but that does not mean that something which is good and proven to be beneficial in maintaining equality in the society should also be changed in the name of change alone.Re: Indra Sawhney applicability on Article 15(4)188. Clause (4) of Article 15 is also a special provision which is nothing but reinstatement of the principles of equality enshrined in Article 14. The principles which have been laid down in paragraph 808 with respect to Article 16(4) are clearly applicable with regard to Article 15(4) also. In the majority judgment of this Court in Indra Sawhney, the Balaji principle i.e. the 50 percent rule has 162 been approved and not departed with. The 50 percent principle which was initially spoken of in Balaji having been approved in Indra Sawhney. We failed to see as to how prepositions laid down by this Court in Indra Sawhney shall not be applicable for Article 15. It has been laid down in Indra Sawhney that expression “Backward Class” used in Article 16(4) is wider that the expression “Socially and Educationally Backward Class” used in Article 15(5).Re: Impact of Directive Principles of State Policy197.We fail to see that how the measures taken under Article 15(4) and 16(4) shall in any manner can be read to breach Directive Principles of State Policy. Article 16(4) and 15(4) are also measures to ensure equality of status besides the equality of opportunity.Re: TMA Pai Foundation203. The 50 percent ceiling as put by this Court in St. Stephen’s College case was struck off by T.M.A. Pai Foundation case to give effect to content and meaning of Article 30. The striking of the cap of 50 percent with regard to minority institutions is an entirely different context and can have no bearing with regard to 50 percent cap which has been approved in the reservation under Article 16(4) in the Indra Sawhey’s case. 204. We thus are of the view that judgment of this Court in T.M.A. Pai Foundation case has no bearing on the ratio of Indra Sawhney’s case.Re: Constitutional 77th and 81st Amendment Act206. The above Constitutional Amendment makes it very clear that ceiling of 50 percent “has now received Constitutional recognition.” Ceiling of 50 percent is ceiling which was approved by this Court in Indra Sawhney’s case, thus, the Constitutional Amendment in fact recognize the 50 percent ceiling which was approved in Indra Sawhney’s case and on 178 the basis of above Constitutional Amendment, no case has been made out to revisit Indra Sawhney.Re: 103rd Constitutional Amendment208. It is submitted that in view of the 10 percent reservation as mandated by 103rdConstitutional amendment, 50 percent reservation as laid down by Indra Sawhney is breached. Shri Rohtagi has further submitted that the issue pertaining to 103rdConstitutional Amendment has been referred to a larger Bench in W.P. (Civil) No.55 of 2019, Janhit Abhiyan versus Union of India. In view of above, We refrain ourselves from making any observation regarding effect and consequence of 103rd Constitutional Amendment.Re: Extraordinary circumstancesIn Paragraph 810 of Indra Sawhney judgment it was observed thus: “While 50% shall be the rule, it is necessary not to put out of consideration certain extraordinary situations inherent in the great diversity of this country and the people. It might happen that in far flung and remote areas the population inhabiting those areas might, on account of their being out of the mainstream of national life and in view of conditions peculiar to and characteristical to them, need to be treated in a different way, some relaxation in this strict rule may become imperative. In doing so, extreme caution is to be exercised and a special case made out.” 214. We thus are of the view that extraordinary situations indicated in paragraph 810 are only illustrative and not exhaustive but paragraph 810 gives an indication as to which may fit in extra ordinary situation.Re : Principle of stare decisis220. What was said by Constitution Bench in Indra Sawhney clearly binds us. Judgment of Indra Sawhney has stood the test of time and has never been doubted. On the clear principle of stare decisis, judgment of Indra Sawhney neither need to be revisited nor referred to larger bench of this Court.Justice Ravindra Bhat, in his judgment (concurring on this issue) made the following observations:23. The salience of the issue under consideration is that equality has many dimensions. In the context of Articles 15 (4) and 16 (4,) and indeed the power of classification vested in the state, to adopt protective discrimination policies, there is an element of obligation, or a duty, to equalize those sections of the population who were hitherto, “invisible” or did not matter. The reach of the equalizing principle, in that sense is compelling. Thus while, as explained by this court in Mukesh Kumar v. State of Uttarakhand21 there is no right to claim a direction that reservations should be provided (the direction in that case being sought was reservation in promotions in the state of Uttarakhand), the court would intervene if the state acts without due justification, but not to the extent of directing reservations.22Equally, the states’ obligation to ensure that measures to uplift the educational and employment opportunities of all sections, especially vulnerable sections such as scheduled castes and STs and backward class of citizens, is underscored- not only in Article 15 (4) but also by Article 46, though it is a directive principle.23 It is wrong therefore, to suggest that Indra Sawhney did not examine the states’ obligations in the light of Directive Principles; it clearly did- as is evident from the express discussion on that aspect in several judgments.Indra Sawhney and the concept of balance25. A constant and recurring theme in the several judgments of Indra Sawhney was the concept of balance. This expression was used in two senses- one, to correct the existing imbalance which existed, due to past discriminatory practices that kept large sections of the society backward; two, the quest for achieving the balance between the guarantee of equality to all, and the positive or affirmative discrimination sanctioned by Article 15 (4) and 16 (4)To dilute the 50% benchmark further, would be to effectively destroy the guarantee of equality, especially the right not to be discriminated against on the grounds of caste34. Upon examination of the issue from this perspective, the ceiling of 50% with the “extraordinary circumstances” exception, is the just balance- what is termed as the “Goldilocks solution”- i.e. the solution containing the right balance that allows the state sufficient latitude to ensure meaningful affirmative action, to those who deserve it, and at the same time ensures that the essential content of equality, and its injunction not to discriminate on the various proscribed grounds (caste, religion, sex, place of residence) is retained. This court in M. Nagaraj v. Union of India41observed that “a numerical benchmark is the surest immunity against charges of discrimination.” To dilute the 50% benchmark further, would be to effectively destroy the guarantee of equality, especially the right not to be discriminated against on the grounds of caste (under Articles 15 and 16).Case: Dr Jaishree Laxmanrao Patil v Chief Minister [CA 3123 of 2020]Coram : Justices Ashok Bhushan, L Nageswarar Rao, S Abdul Nazeer, Hemant Gupta and S Ravindra Bhat Citation : LL 2021 SC 243Click here to read/download the judgmentAlso from the judgment:States Have No Power To ‘Identify’ Socially & Educationally Backward Classes After 102nd Constitution Amendment : Supreme Court Holds By 3:2 Majority Supreme Court Strikes Down Maratha Quota; Says No Exceptional Circumstance To Grant Reservation In Excess Of 50% Ceiling Limit Reservation In Public Services Not The Only Method For Improving Welfare Of Backward Classes; State Should Bring Other Measures : Supreme Court TagsIndira Sawhney Case Supreme Court Maratha Quota Case Justice Ashok Bhushan #Justice S. Ravindra Bhat Next Story
Facebook WhatsApp Twitter Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme Taoiseach removes party whip from Niall Blaney WhatsApp Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Taoiseach Michael Martin has removed the party whip from three Fianna Fail Senators, Paul Daly, Aidan Davitt and Donegal’s Niall Blaney who attended the golf society event.While the Tanaiste’s removed the Fine Gael whip from Senators Jerry Buttimer, Paddy Burke and John Cummins.Leo Varadkar says the representatives should lead by example.Earlier today, Senator Blaney issued a statement apologising for his attendance at the Oireachtas Golf Society dinner earlier this week.He said he accepts he should not have attended the event, and he apologises for what he describes as his error of judgement. By News Highland – August 21, 2020 Facebook Twitter Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Pinterest Publicans in Republic watching closely as North reopens further Previous article20 new Coronavirus cases in Northern IrelandNext articleMain Evening News, Sport, Nuacht and Obituaries Friday August 21st News Highland Pinterest Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Homepage BannerNews Google+ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Google+
Keikona/iStock(SCUBA, Miss.) — Eight passengers in a van were killed when it collided head-on with a truck on a Mississippi highway early Monday, state officials said.The passenger van was heading east on Highway 16 when it crashed with a westbound Penske truck near Scuba, Miss., at about 4:23 a.m. local time, said Mississippi Highway Patrol Spokesman Sgt. Andy West.The driver of the passenger van was hospitalized in unknown condition, West said. The driver of the Penske truck was not hurt, he said.The accident is under investigation, said West.This story is developing. Please check back for more updates.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.