This is an excerpt from Workers World Party co-founder and Chairperson Sam Marcy’s “Fascist violence and the form of the state,” written shortly after Ronald Reagan’s inauguration as U.S. president in 1981. For more, see Marcy’s “The Klan and Government: Foes or Allies?” at workers.org/books.[T]he spread of fascist organizations takes place in a vastly different, if not wholly new, social, political and economic situation. The entire social environment in which the spread of this evil disease takes place imparts to it a significance which far surpasses the numerical strength of these organizations. It is this which adds a really new dimension to the perilous growth of this virulent disease.The ‘legal’ violence of the stateFascist violence has been endemic to the maintenance of the domination of the ruling class in the U.S. for a number of decades. It is, however, exceptionally important to distinguish between the violence which emanates directly and openly from the capitalist state and the extralegal, extragovernmental violence of fascist organizations.The capitalist state is itself, of course, the main generator of force and violence. In its role as an instrument of capitalist domination over the working class and the oppressed, it operates as an organ of suppression in order to maintain and secure its rule over the masses.Violence practiced upon the working class and the oppressed is therefore a concomitant element of the rule of the oppressing and exploiting bourgeoisie. Notwithstanding the viciousness, ferociousness or magnitude of the violence which the ruling class visits upon the oppressed, it must nevertheless be considered as violence within the framework of the bourgeois legal (“democratic”) system.Such violence must be differentiated from, and not be confused with, the extralegal, extragovernmental violence, which is the essential characteristic of fascist organizations of the type under discussion. It is, of course, absolutely true that both legal and extralegal violence have coexisted along with the bourgeois state since the very inception of the state itself.Capitalist state and extralegal violenceIn the U.S., legal and extralegal violence have existed side-by-side for longer than a century. Ku Klux Klan violence is a principal example of how extralegal violence visited upon the oppressed masses coexists with the legal forms of the capitalist state and how one promotes the other.Antilabor violence employed on a huge scale for many decades by individual employers and industries has been of an extralegal character. Most particularly noteworthy are strikebreaking organizations and the employment of underworld mobsters. “Right-to-work” open-shop states are frequently the very same states which have either clandestinely or openly supported the Klan.The pogroms visited upon oppressed nationalities in Czarist Russia are another example of how extralegal forms of violence are carried out alongside with, and encouraged and promoted by, the legally constituted government. Pogrom violence in old Russia didn’t differ much from the massacres carried out by the [racist] Night Riders in the U.S.Every capitalist state tolerates and occasionally promotes this sort of extralegal violence. The difference, however, between fascist violence and other forms of illegal violence practiced by the government should be made clear.For example, police brutality is frequently as vicious and as violent as that carried out by the fascists, and on occasion goes beyond legal limits (usually characterized by the bourgeois press as “excessive”). The two should not be confused, even though the police may, and often do, collaborate with the Klan, neo-Nazis and other fascist and neofascist organizations.Fascist groups threaten bourgeois democratic state Fascist organizations in their embryonic form — particularly when they are armed and supported materially by right-wing, disaffected but powerful elements of the ruling capitalist establishment — constitute a threatening parallel form to the legal (bourgeois democratic) capitalist state.While receiving encouragement and sustenance from the capitalist state, embryonic fascist forms at the same time rival and stand in antagonism to the bourgeois democratic state. If historical conditions favor them, they have the propensity and organic tendency to overpower the bourgeois democratic form of the capitalist state.Such a situation can only exist in periods of extraordinarily acute social crisis, when the capitalist state is so torn by accumulating inner contradictions and weakened by its inability to overcome its social crisis that it inevitably gives way to extraparliamentary, extralegal forms of rule.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Holiday back pay paves way for further claimsOn 19 Mar 2002 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos. A ruling by an employment appeal tribunal means that thousands of employeeson long-term sick leave may be able to claim their full 20 days paid annualholiday. In a test case that could lead to a spate of similar claims, a factoryworker suffering a bad back has won thousands of pounds in holiday pay for theyears he had been absent. The tribunal rejected the appeal by the employer and ruled he was entitledto the money under Working Time Regulations. The Engineering Employers’ Federation, which contested the case, isconcerned that the widespread practice of keeping long-term sickness staff onthe company payroll has now become a potentially significant expense foremployers. Peter Martin, the EEF’s director of employment policy, called on theGovernment to address what he believes is a legal anomaly. “The Government has to reverse this mistake in the drafting of theWorking Time Regulations as soon as possible, as this ruling has nothing to dowith the original aim of improving health and safety,” he said. Nick Chronias, an employment solicitor at Beachcroft Wansbroughs, said theimplications are widespread and contracts barring staff from accruing pay aftera certain period of sickness will probably be invalid. “Staff who have been absent for a significant time will be able to askfor holiday and be paidfor it. “The same may well apply to those on additional maternity leave,”he added. Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article
University of Wisconsin softball will take on the University of Iowa Hawkeyes before it can come home for an eight game homestead.After a 3-2 week, the Badgers (21-16-1, 6-4-1 Big Ten) have all the motivation they need to go into this weekend and defeat the Hawkeyes (11-26, 1-9 Big Ten).Last time outThe Badgers certainly have something to be proud of going into this series after sweeping rival University of Minnesota- Twin Cities, 6-3 and 7-1 Tuesday.Considering that Minnesota is ranked No. 19 nationally, and Wisconsin is ranked No. 73, it was a major win for the Badgers.Now that they have serious momentum behind them — not to mention a 7-2 record in away games — the Badgers find themselves in a good position going into this weekend’s matchup.Softball: Pair of heavy hitting innings push Boilermakers past Badgers in weekend seriesThe Wisconsin softball team found themselves victim to the cold Wisconsin weather this weekend, with two games rescheduled due to Read…Badger’s senior advantageIf the Badgers want to find themselves the winner of this weekend’s contest, they need to have solid performances out of their senior class.Against Minnesota, senior players accounted for six of the 13 runs scored in the series, which was 46 percent of the total runs scored.It is clear that the senior class is becoming a dominant force on the team, and when they find their marks, there is nothing that can stop the Badgers. If Wisconsin wants to pull a win out of the weekend, they need to look no further than their leaders for the momentum.Softball: Badgers look to embrace rare home-field advantageWisconsin softball will host its second Big Ten opponent of the season this weekend, when they meet for a three Read…Iowa player to watch: Holly HoffmanRedshirt senior Hoffman is Iowa’s top batter this season with a .330 cumulative batting average. While Hoffman — a catcher — might not offer much of a threat defensively to the Badgers, she will be a major run scorer for the team, with 31 hits, 20 RBIs and four home runs.
France can secure their spot in the World Cup’s last 16 when they take on Peru in their second Group C game in Yekaterinburg.Les Bleus were pushed all the way by Australia in their opening Group C game on Saturday, with an 80th-minute goal from Paul Pogba securing a 2-1 victory.France can book their place in the knockout stages if they beat Peru on Thursday and Hugo Lloris wants his team-mates to go “beyond their capacity” in Russia.”There is always pressure in all matches in the World Cup. This is when you must go beyond your capacity as a competitor,” he said.”I have played in a World Cup before so the pressure is felt differently for me, but there is pressure and we are hoping to find a better way of playing. If we don’t raise our way of playing, we will have difficulties.”Peru gave a good account of themselves as they returned to World Cup action on Saturday after a 36-year absence, and were narrowly beaten by Denmark. However, manager Ricardo Gareca has admitted his side are not on the same level as their illustrious opponents but says Peru will not be overrun by France.”I do not know if we will be on the same level anywhere, to be honest,” he said. “But we are continually improving and want to adapt to this high level as soon as possible.”But something very important is that we stay true to ourselves and our style, and we believe that we can be a tough nut to crack for any team. We will not let France push us around.”Team newsWith a less than stellar performance against Australia, Didier Deschamps could make a few changes to his starting line-up on Thursday, with Olivier Giroud pushing for a start in attack. Antoine Griezmann has also been passed as fit after picking up an ankle knock in the opening game.Peru captain Paolo Guerrero – who had initially been banned from the World Cup for a doping violation – was a substitute against Denmark, but could start in Yekaterinburg. Opta statsFrance and Peru’s only previous encounter was a friendly in April 1982. The South American side won 1-0 at the Parc des Princes.The last South American team to beat France at the World Cup were Argentina in 1978. Since then, France are unbeaten in their last seven World Cup fixtures against CONMEBOL opposition (W3 D4), with three of the last four games ending goalless.Peru are winless in their last five World Cup encounters against European opposition (D2 L3), their last win coming against Scotland in 1978.Peru are winless in their last seven World Cup matches (D2 L5).Peru mustered 17 shots in their opening game against Denmark but still failed to find the net in a 0-1 defeat. After consecutive defeats vs Mexico and South Africa in 2010, France are unbeaten in their last four group stage games in World Cup finals (W3 D1 L0).Antoine Griezmann has been directly involved in nine of France’s last 13 goals scored in major tournaments (World Cup and European Championships), with seven goals and two assists.Having become France’s youngest ever player in a major tournament in their opening match, Kylian Mbappé is also looking to become their youngest ever goalscorer in a World Cup or European Championships, with David Trezeguet vs Saudi Arabia in 1998 currently holding the record (20y 246d).
Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error On Mamba Night, the Lakers make short work of Blazers to take 3-1 series lead The Rams were represented by four members of its defense (Samson Ebukam, Sebastian Joseph-Day, Kevin Peterson and Ramon Richards) and the Gladiators were represented by Roberts, Ted “Silkthread” Wang, Luis “iRemiix” Galarza Figueroa and Joao Pedro “Hydration” Veloso de Goes Telles.It may have been Ebukam’s first time playing Overwatch but that didn’t steer him from exploring unfamiliar territory.“That was definitely my first time (play Overwatch),” Ebukam said. “I had to ask what game I could compare it to and they compared it to Destiny. That is my favorite game so this shouldn’t be too bad.”While the Rams did not have practice Tuesday, which are held at UC Irvine, that did not stop Ebukam from having a competitive mindset against some of the Overwatch League’s best players.“The one round we lost I was kind of mad,” Ebukam said about how competitive he is at video games. “I was trying not to talk smack because I don’t even know what I am doing (on Overwatch).” The linebacker believes he did better than teammate Kevin Peterson, who played on the opposing team that featured Surefour and iRemiix. Peterson, a cornerback for the Rams, will miss the season after he tore his ACL in Thursday’s preseason opener against the Baltimore Ravens. A group of contest winners were split into teams along with members of the Gladiators and the Los Angeles Rams, both teams owned by Stan Kroenke, to play Overwatch at UC Irvine’s esports arena. Chris Paul, Russell Westbrook and other NBA stars pay tribute to Kobe Bryant Gladiators – LA Rams team up Lane “Surefour” Roberts of the Los Angeles Gladiators will throw out the first pitch before the Dodgers’ August 22 game against the St. Louis Cardinals at Dodger Stadium.“I will say I am kind of nervous because I never really played baseball,” Roberts said. “I am more nervous than some Overwatch League matches.”(Photo courtesy of the Dodgers)The Dodgers will host an Overwatch League Night to kickoff the esports league’s inaugural All-Star Weekend. With the purchase of a special event ticket, fans will receive an exclusive Overwatch League Dodgers shirt.The All-Star festivities will take place at the Blizzard Arena in Burbank Saturday, August 25, with a series of custom skill matches and Sunday, August 26, when the Atlantic and Pacific All-Stars go head-to-head in a traditional match. You can watch all the action here.Related Articles Angels’ poor pitching spoils an Albert Pujols milestone Horse dies after injury during workout at Del Mar Photos: Lakers defeat Trail Blazers in Game 4 of first-round playoff series
ALAMEDA — The Raiders added veteran defensive tackle Terrell McClain Wednesday and announced the departure of three other players related to transactions made the previous day.Among those let go was defensive tackle Corey Liuget, who was signed before the start of the regular season and whose contribution was minimal. Also let go were linebacker Dakota Allen and defensive end Kasim Edebali, the latter who was with the Raiders less than a week.The Raiders made official two other signings that …
UPDATE (Nov. 29, 3:52 p.m.): The interactive tables above have been updated to include the results of Thursday’s match-ups, and those games has been removed (the text of the article has not been updated).Turkey and football is an annual tradition. Turkey and meaningful football is a treat. So be thankful this year: When ranked by total playoff “swing” — a measure of how much each game affects the playoff picture1As measured by the cumulative amount of playoff probability at stake — three of the top four Week 13 games will take place on Thanksgiving.When the Chicago Bears visit the Detroit Lions in the first Thanksgiving Day game, the stakes are straightforward. The Bears are largely out of playoff contention, so all affected teams do better with a Lions loss — excluding the Lions, of course.You don’t need a complicated statistical model to tell you that the next game, between the Philadelphia Eagles and the Dallas Cowboys, will have huge implications for the NFC East title race. Going into the game, the Eagles have a slight edge on the Cowboys, with a 55 percent chance to win the division. A win in Dallas would increase its division title chances to 82 percent; a loss would drop it to 36 percent. Outside of the NFC East, the Green Bay Packers would prefer an Eagles victory, and the 49ers would prefer a Cowboys victory.2The Packers own the head-to-head tiebreaker over the Eagles, and the 49ers own the head-to-head tiebreaker over the Cowboys.Thursday night’s game between the Seattle Seahawks and the San Francisco 49ers will have significant playoff implications, but probably not in the way envisioned when the schedule was drawn up. The NFC West title isn’t at stake; the Arizona Cardinals have crashed the divisional party this year. Arizona holds a two-game lead over both Seattle and San Francisco. The Lions, Cowboys and Eagles will all be rooting for a San Francisco loss. And though Arizona’s playoff chances are better with a 49ers loss, its division title chances are better with a Seattle loss.We’ll let the charts do the talking for the rest of Week 13’s games. The most meaningful non-Turkey Day game is between the New Orleans Saints and the Pittsburgh Steelers, with more than 90 percentage points of playoff probability on the line. But, to close out this column, we thought we’d highlight some of the more interesting (or infuriating, depending upon your perspective) playoff scenarios that emerged from the 50,000 simulations that form the basis for this weekly feature. You can try your own hand at this with ESPN’s excellent Playoff Machine tool. But the scenarios below at least have a veneer of statistical plausibility.In last week’s column, we mentioned there were five simulations in which a five-win team won the NFC South. With losses from both the Atlanta Falcons and New Orleans last week, there are now 107 simulations in which a five-win team wins the NFC South, amounting to an 0.2 percent probability.3Of those 107 simulations, 89 resulted in a Carolina Panthers division title, and 18 resulted in a title for Atlanta.There were 2,029 instances (4 percent probability) in which an 11-win team did not make the playoffs. The Cowboys and the Eagles are the two teams most likely to suffer that fate.There were seven simulations in which a five-win team made the playoffs and an 11-win team did not.There were two simulations in which all four AFC North teams finished with 11 wins.A five-win division winner hosting a 12-win wild card team? That happened nine times in our simulations.
The Buckeyes prepare to take to the field prior to the start of the game against Purdue on Oct. 20. Ohio State lost 49-20. Credit: Casey Cascaldo | Photo EditorOhio State moved up to No. 8 in the latest Associated Press Top 25 poll released on Sunday. The Buckeyes did not play this week, last losing to Purdue on Oct. 20. The Buckeyes are one of four teams in the Top 25 from the Big Ten including No. 5 Michigan, No. 14 Penn State and No. 19 Iowa. Northwestern, Michigan State and Wisconsin also received Top 25 votes.No. 8 Ohio State will face Nebraska on Nov. 3 at noon.The AP Poll: Week 10Alabama (60)ClemsonNotre DameLSUMichiganGeorgiaOklahomaOhio StateUCFWashington StateKentuckyWest VirginiaFloridaPenn StateTexasUtahHoustonUtah StateIowaFresno StateMississippi StateSyracuseVirginiaBoston CollegeTexas A&M
Maurizio Sarri’s constant brushes with Italy’s football authorities may probably cost him the chance of ever becoming Chelsea’s next boss, Sky Sports believes.A 20k Euro fine and two-game ban in January for a reportedly homophobic abuse of Roberto Mancini seem to be taking the west London club away from appointing him. The 60-year-old Sarri, however, denied being homophobic but was still banned for “directing extremely insulting epithets at the coach of the opposing team”.There are indications that Chelsea has so far refused to pay the £7m release clause being demanded by Napoli’s owner. But it’s his growing list of transgressions that could end Sarri’s chances of replacing Antonio Conte.There have been a series of transgression incidents involving Sarri, including an obscene gesture to supporters of Juventus in Turin, oral abuse of his own players and sexist remarks about female journalists.Maurizio Sarri satisfied despite Juventus’ draw at Fiorentina Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Maurizio Sarri was satisfied with Juventus’ performance on Saturday afternoon after finishing a tough game at Fiorentina 0-0.Even after his recent touchline spat with Mancini, the former Manchester City manager, when asked what happened, said:“You have to ask Sarri what happened. Men like him shouldn’t be in the world of football.“He is 60 years old and must be ashamed.”
AC Milan are a long way off from being in any position to challenge Juventus right now, admits club icon Paolo MaldiniThe Rossoneri are only 14th in the Serie A standings with just one win in their first three games of the new season.And Maldini, who returned to Milan this summer as a Sporting Strategy & Development Director, admits that it will take time to get the club back into a position to challenge Juventus.“Projects are important, but you can’t yet compare Milan to Juventus,” he told Sky Italia.“The anti-Juventus? Let’s be serious, we’re still a long way off being that,Juventus confirm Mario Mandzukic could leave this month Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Sporting director Fabio Paratici confirmed reports that Mario Mandzukic could leave Juventus for a move to an unnamed Qatari team.“We’re aiming to reach the top four in the league and have a great run in the Europa League.“This is a serious project, we want to take Milan back to the highest levels.”Milan last won the Serie in the 2010/11 season and have been unable to finish higher than sixth in the past five years.Gennaro Gattuso’s side will take on Dudelange in the Europa League on Thursday before another league fixture against Atalanta on Sunday.